Lewis H B
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Lewis' Astronomy and Oil War One

Midway Baptist Astronomy club
My sad experiance is that
Secular Astronomy Associations like SDAA
dont tolerate Christian believers.....

 
I am currently using a 15x to 45x zoom spotting scope on a very wide camera tripod. It works nicely .
 
I have a Newtonian reflecting telescope (I am trying to sell)with an 8 inch mirror, an 8" f4.5.
This means it is very short, giveing a wide field of view. It is a "Dobsonian",
meaning it has a simple wood base. .... neck, back. knee pain forces sale.
 
I enjoy looking at the Moon, Planets, Galaxies and Double stars. Most
star systems have more than one sun, and many of these are visable from
Earth. The planets around other stars are too faint for us to see from Earth, but astronomers can detect them because the star "wobbles" due to the
gravitational effects on the star by the planets.
 
Dobsonian improvements  :)
After years of frustration I have figured out how to Smoothly move my Dob !!
For smooth altitude adjustments, I drilled two holes throuth the box holding the scope  just above the bottom of the box and ran a 2 foot long dowell through  the holes.  I tied a string onto the bottom of the scope and wound the string onto the dowell.  by turning the dowell rod, I slowly crank the base down and raise the elevation on the scope...
If I have to decrease elevation, I have an arm with a pulley above the base of the scope. i thread the string from the base of the scope through the pulley on the arm to the dowell and by turning the dowell smothly lower the scopes elevation....
For left or right adjustments, I drove lots of small nails in a 18" circle down into the scope base. I then screwed a large screw  one inch above the base horizontally  into the box holding the scope( that rotates on the base).... By useing a 12" flat screwdriver i can smoothly pry the scope box left or right.
                       
 
 
 
"Is the speed of light a constant?" 
Interestingly enough, every time it was measured over the next few hundred years, it seemed to be a little slower than before. This could be explained away, as the first measurements were unbelievably rough compared to the technical accuracy later.  It was not that simple, though.  When the same person did the same test using the same equipment at a later period in time, the speed was slower.  Not much, but slower. 
I enjoy looking at GOD's creation. It shows an awesome evidence of his majesty, wisdom and power. The expance of forever, uniquely showing himself to all mankind.
excerpt...
The speed of light has been measured 163 times by 16 different methods over the past 300 years. However, Australian physicist Barry Setterfield and mathematician Trevor Norman, reexamining the known experimental measurements to date, have suggested a highly controversial discovery: the speed of light appears to have been slowing down!
1657: Roemer     307,600.     +/- 5400 km/sec 1875: Harvard     299,921.     +/- 13 km/sec 1983: NBS (laser method):     299,792.4358      +/- 0.0003 km/sec
      The speed of light is now measured as 299,792.4358 kilometers per second.6 (This is approximately 186,000 miles/second; or one foot per nanosecond.)

       The Canadian mathematician, Alan Montgomery, has reported a computer analysis supporting the Setterfield/Norman results. His model indicates that the decay of velocity of light closely follows a cosecant-squared curve, and has been asymptotic since 1958. If he is correct, the speed of light was 10-30% faster in the time of Christ; twice as fast in the days of Solomon; four times as fast in the days of Abraham, and perhaps more than 10 million times faster prior to 3000 B.C.

http://www.khouse.org/articles/technical/20020701-423.html

Helen d setterfield

The following question was: "Is the speed of light constant?"  Interestingly enough, every time it was measured over the next few hundred years, it seemed to be a little slower than before. This could be explained away, as the first measurements were unbelievably rough compared to the technical accuracy later.  It was not that simple, though.  When the same person did the same test using the same equipment at a later period in time, the speed was slower.  Not much, but slower. 

  Barry Setterfield has done years of research in this area. His website is:
http://www.setterfield.org/

We have a study overviewing his discoveries, along with an interview with him, of which you can listen to large portions online:
http://www.khouse.org/6640/technical/BP078.html

Here's a news article on a group that independently came to the same conclusion - that light has been slowing down (God bless The Age for keeping archives):
http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2002/08/07/1028157961167.html

Further links:
http://www.ldolphin.org/bowden.html
http://www.ldolphin.org/bowden/centj.html

 

Credit to http://www.space-frontier.org/Projects/permission/TeamTelescope/AlanHaleColumn/adndbl.doc

PLANETS OF THE DOUBLE SUN

It's a common staple in numerous science fiction stories and movies: a planet with two suns (often of drastically different colors) producing double shadows, multiple sunrises and sunsets, and other exotic phenomena that would appear utterly alien to us Earthlings. While substantial liberties are often taken with such stories, the basic underlying scenario is -- at face value, anyway -- scientifically sound, and in fact reflects a basic reality. Approximately 2/3 of the stars like the sun in our galaxy are members of double or multiple star systems, and any planets that might be accompanying these stars would experience at least some of the "double sun" phenomena. Indeed, the nearest star to our solar system, Alpha Centauri, is a double-star system, comprising two stars (both quite similar to our sun) orbiting around each other every 80 years. At their closest they are slightly farther apart than the distance between Saturn and our sun.

Science fiction stories and speculation aside, a major question becomes whether or not planets could exist within double-star systems. The presence of a second star, with its accompanying significant gravitational field, would be expected to produce major effects upon a planet's orbit and its stability. Over the years numerous astronomers have performed stability analyses with a variety of mathematical techniques, and the general conclusion is that there are two scenarios within double-star systems that can produce stable planetary orbits.

One of these scenarios involves two stars that are very close together with planets that orbit well away from the stars; from a gravitational perspective, the planets see the two stars as a single object. The other scenario involves two widely separated stars, with planets orbiting around either of them, and the companion star being too far away to affect their orbits gravitationally. (The Alpha Centauri system falls within this latter category for planets orbiting out to about the distance of Jupiter.) Double-star systems where the two stars are separated from each other by about the same distance as Earth's distance from the sun are out of luck as far as planets are concerned, except perhaps for planets in orbits at around Pluto's distance (which would be orbiting the combined center of gravity of both stars).

An even more basic question concerns whether or not planets could actually form in such systems. Our knowledge of how the planets formed in our solar system is far from complete, however we know that they formed through the gradual accumulation of smaller objects colliding with each other over periods of millions of years. A nearby massive object can disrupt this process; indeed, the asteroid belt in our solar system is widely thought to be a planet that was unable to form as a result of Jupiter's gravity. We don't have enough knowledge of this process to determine just how much the presence of a companion star can disrupt the formation of planets over an entire system; the best we can do right now is try to see if we can find any planets that might exist within such systems, and work from that point.

Among the more than 100 planets outside the solar system that have now been identified, a handful are indeed within double-star systems. The first-known such planet was independently discovered by two teams of astronomers (Geoff Marcy and Paul Butler in California; Bill Cochran and Artie Hatzes in Texas)

and announced in 1996. It orbits around one of the components of 16 Cygni, a system comprising two stars each of which is almost identical to our sun, and now visible low in our northeastern sky during the pre-dawn hours. The two stars of the 16 Cygni system are so far apart, however -- a thousand times the distance between the Earth and the sun, with an orbital period of perhaps thirty thousand years -- that from a gravitational perspective they can be treated as single stars. Until recently, similar statements could be made about the handful of other planets that have been found in double-star systems.

Last year, however, the Texas team announced their discovery of a planet orbiting around Gamma Cephei, a moderately bright star located near Polaris and currently visible in our northwestern sky during the evening hours. The Gamma Cephei system comprises a primary star that is somewhat larger than our sun, together with a smaller companion star that's about half the sun's size orbiting the primary at the approximate distance of the planet Uranus in our system. The planet appears to be about twice the size of Jupiter, and orbits the primary star every 2 1/2 years in an orbit that corresponds to that of the asteroid belt in our solar system.

The existence of this planet in the Gamma Cephei system -- which is not dramatically different in terms of gravitational influences from what one would encounter in the Alpha Centauri system -- suggests that planets can indeed form, and exist in stable orbits, within double-star systems. As our techniques improve over the coming years hopefully other planets in such systems can be detected, which will aid us in understanding the process of planet formation as well as give stronger indications of the number of planets in the galaxy.

Several years ago this author performed some calculations for hypothetical Earthlike planets within the Alpha Centauri system, and found that changes in the additional radiation received by the planets due to the companion stars was minimal, never amounting to more than a few percent over the 80-year period of the system. Any intelligent race that might live on such a planet would probably have their myths and cultures strongly influenced by the sight of the companion star (and any accompanying large planets it might have) in their sky, and of course astronomical observations would be profoundly affected. If the recent discovery around Gamma Cephei is any indication, such phenomena might be fairly commonplace in our galaxy, and the nearest view of the "double sun" might be right next door

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/sdaa/

http://www.astroleague.org/index.html

http://www.space-frontier.org/

http://www.sciencenet.org.uk/astron/const/Constellation.html

http://people.msoe.edu/~tritt/greek.html

http://www.homepages.hetnet.nl/~nbhogeveen/vws/favobin.htm

http://www.astro.uiuc.edu/~kaler/sow/castor.html

http://www.prairieastronomyclub.org/dblstar1.htm

 
 



The Power Elite Playbook, Oil War One, 1914-1918 Part 13

- by Deanna Spingola , 21 April 2008

Most Americans, a large percentage of whose ancestors were German, were neutral until propagandized by a barrage of German atrocity stories through pamphlets produced by the U.S. government. The U.S. resisted war, even after the devised Lusitania incident on May 7, 1915 when 785 out of 1,257 passengers perished, 128 of them Americans.1 Several months before that ill-fated voyage, Winston Churchill, a Rothschild minion, described the Lusitania as "45,000 tons of live bait."2 Were the 3,000 in the Rockefeller-built twin towers in Manhattan on September 11, 2001 also "live bait" leading to yet another genocidal assault?

Because of Britain's illegal blockade of Europe, and "British violations of international law and neutral rights on the high seas," Germans retaliated.3 On February 4, 1915, Germany declared the waters around Great Britain and Ireland a "war zone" and warned that all enemy ships in that area after February 18 would be sunk. The Lusitania then deceptively flew the U.S. flag. In February 1915, the British Admiralty ordered British merchant ships, like the Lusitania, to ram German submarines on sight. Germany was aware of those orders by February 15. On April 22, 1915, Germany, through its U.S. Embassy warned Americans not to travel on British ships in the "war zone."4 That warning was not published by the elite-owned media until the day of departure - May 1, 1915.5 On that day, there was a two and a half hour delay due to passengers being transferred from the Cameronia.6 A number of prominent passengers were alerted anonymously not to sail on the Lusitania.7 Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt (Skull & Bones) received a telegram the morning of the sailing which said: "The Lusitania is doomed. Do not sail on her." The telegram was signed Morte (death).8 He ignored the warning; his body was never recovered.

That night, the Lusitania, allegedly because of fog, was "not running at full speed" or even resorting to an "evasive zigzag course. The British had withdrawn the military escort from the ship as it approached England. It was literally "a sitting duck and was headed straight into the sights" of a German submarine. They converged at about 2 PM. The U-20 commander, Captain Walther Schwieger released one torpedo after observing the Lusitania for an hour. There was an immediate suspicious "second explosion."9 The powerful ship surprisingly sank in just eighteen minutes which contributed to the great loss of life. German submarines had torpedoed ships much smaller than the Lusitania, some never sank and others sank only after several hours. Explosions in ships and buildings appear to be the Elite's modus operandi!

Germany, unlike her European neighbors, had a more peaceful, less aggressive history and had participated in "less than one quarter of the wars" that Britain had engaged in. Yet, Germany was targeted for "the biggest ethnic assault in history. Almost overnight, Germans were transformed into pariahs through intense propaganda expertly crafted by forces eager to involve the United States in a foreign war."10 The vilification of Germany occurred about a decade after Britain constructed concentration camps and incarcerated and slaughtered thousands of Boers, without respect for age or gender which apparently went unnoticed by the selectively observant media. Read more here and here.

Like today, propaganda was rampant! The Times of London declared that "four-fifths" of the Lusitania's passengers were U.S. citizens instead of the actual proportion. That fabrication was calculated to ignite American outrage. Additionally, the British produced and circulated a medal purportedly created by the Germans which they claimed had been presented to the submarine crew for their actions. A French newspaper published a photo taken much earlier, under different circumstances, of German crowds supposedly "rejoicing" over the news about the sunken Lusitania. Americans vehemently objected to Germany's "submarine warfare" while ignoring Germany's justifiable opposition to the illegal starvation-generating British blockade.11 America didn't enter the war to "protect the freedom of the seas" from British supremacy.

The secret Sykes-Picot Agreement, negotiated in July 1915 and concluded on May 16, 1916, would, at the end of "the bloodiest, most destructive war in modern history,"12 divide the oil-rich Ottoman Empire between Britain and France, with the assent of Russia who would be compensated with territory in northeast Turkey which was later rescinded due to the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917.13 See division map here. Lenin later discovered a copy of this real-reason-for-the-war agreement among Russia's state papers and made it public.

After the Sykes-Picot Agreement had been negotiated, the British promised Sharif Hussein of Mecca that they would support Arab independence as a single unified state if the Arabs would agree to join the British, under T. E. Lawrence, in their fight against the Ottoman Empire, Germany's ally in the war. This promise was contained in a letter dated October 24, 1915 from Sir Henry McMahon, the British High Commissioner in Egypt, to the Sharif and later became known as the McMahon-Hussein correspondence. Hussein assumed that the promise included Palestine. "Thus, by a stroke of the imperial pen, the Promised Land became twice-promised."14 Even after the exposure of this double dealing-duplicity, France and Britain issued a statement on November 7, 1918 proclaiming that they were nobly, altruistically fighting (Britain was bankrupt at the war's inception) for the freedom of those peoples who had been so horribly oppressed by the Turks for such a long time.

Sharif Hussein's objective was the establishment of a single independent, unified Arab state stretching from Aleppo (Syria) to Aden (Yemen). Based on this vision, the Arabs gave the British troops "invaluable military assistance" during which 100,000 Arabs were killed.15 The Sykes-Picot Agreement actually internationalized the bulk of Palestine and divided the land into protectorates, vehicles for exploitation by imperialists. British politicians reneged on every promise.16 The mandate system, "a thin disguise for colonial rule," would later be created under the League of Nations. "Mandate territories, earlier the possessions of the Ottomans, were to be 'guided' by the victorious imperialist powers until they had proved themselves capable of self-rule. Britain was awarded the mandate for Iraq."17

While thousands of ordinary French and German citizens-turned-soldiers were slaughtering each other in Germany, Britain, allegedly concerned about the Suez Canal's (oil route) security, removed 1,400,000 British soldiers and scarce materials to the Mediterranean and Persian Gulf area. This angered the French who lost almost 1,500,000 soldiers; 2,600,000 were severely injured. Those British troops remained after the end of hostilities. A million soldiers occupied the Middle East, even in the French area, to protect those petroleum resources. France's leader, Clemenceau, agreed to British Prime Minister George's request to allow the British complete control of the Mosul wilayet (in Iraq) and Palestine from Dan to Beersheba. France would control Greater Syria and receive "a half share in the exploitation of Mosul oil and a guarantee of British support in the postwar period in Europe, should France ever have to respond to German action on the Rhine."18

When Woodrow Wilson was president of Princeton, he had an affair with Mary Peck, a married woman. Bernard Baruch purchased Wilson's love letters to his lover for $65 thousand.19 Samuel Untermeyer, a prominent New York City lawyer, later the president of Keren HaYesod (The Foundation Fund, established in London in 1920) and a generous contributor to Wilson's presidential campaign, approached Wilson shortly after the inauguration with that packet of love letters. Untermeyer had been retained by Wilson's ex-lover to bring a breach of promise action against the president. She had remarried (now Mary Hulburt); her stepson, a bank employee, desperately needed $40 thousand keep him out of jail. She was willing to drop the legal action for $40 thousand. Wilson didn't have the money. Untermeyer paid off the blackmailer on the condition that Wilson would appoint pro-war Zionist, Louis Dembitz Brandeis as a Supreme Court Justice when the next vacancy occurred.20 Brandeis was sworn in on June 5, 1916. Wilson was a morally compromised relatively "cheap" investment for the bankers! In a New York Times article dated December 8, 1922, Samuel Untermeyer, apparently an individual with diverse interests, was mentioned as the financial supporter of "American" claims in the Mosul oil fields.21

With Brandeis' encouragement, Wilson, the "man of peace," poignantly pleaded with Congress on April 2, 1917 to declare war against Germany.22 Wilson got that declaration on April 6, 1917. He took us into Oil War I "to save the world for democracy." The U.S. entered the war when Britain was close to defeat. The real reasons include the division of the oil-rich Ottoman Empire and the seizure of Palestine for the creation of the Zionist state of Israel, a prospective military presence in the oil-rich gulf.23 J. Pierpont Morgan (1867-1943) was the American agent for all Allied countries. He also financed France's participation in the war.24 Britain owed millions to the U.S. banks and businesses who sold Britain war-related components, some of which were transported on the Lusitania. Aiding Britain, our debtor nation, protected the bankster's loans and business profits.25 The U.S. actually "had a minimal affect on the military outcome of the European war."26

Standard Oil agents needed to "participate in the drawing up of the Treaty of Versailles." That would only occur if the United States participated in Oil War I. Therefore, the U.S. suffered 320,518 casualties.27 Standard Oil had representation in the oil plunder process. The American delegation included Bernard Baruch, Paul Warburg, 'Colonel' House, with attendees Walter Lippman, and brothers Allen and John Foster Dulles among others.

Vladimir Lenin, Russia's Bolshevik "leader," announced an armistice and sent Trotsky to Brest-Litovsk in November 1917 to negotiate a peace deal with Germany and Austria. No agreement was reached after nine weeks of negotiation. Consequently, on March 3, 1918, German troops moved towards Petrograd to 'encourage' Russia to accept the Central Power's (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire) terms defined by the Brest-Litovsk Treaty.28 Because of this treaty, the Treaty of Versailles could not be imposed on Russia. The Bolsheviks controlled a huge quantity of untapped oil which would not fall under the control of Standard, British Petroleum or Royal Dutch Shell, the world's first oil cartel.29 Thus, another war would immediately be planned!

The Bolsheviks "renounced most of their rights in Iran and canceled all Iranian debts to Czarist Russia." With Russia out of the way, Britain and their Anglo-Persian Oil Company took control of oil exploration and development in Iran. Britain extracted huge quantities of oil from Iranian soil. Winston Churchill called it "a prize from fairyland beyond our wildest dreams."30

Millions of Americans participated in Oil War I including Smedley Butler who went to France as commander of the 13th Marines. They arrived at Brest on September 24, 1918. The Marines in Oil War I operated under U.S. Army command.31 Butler's marines moved on after two weeks and Butler was promoted to brigadier general on October 7, 191832 and given charge, by A.E.F. Commander General John J. Pershing, of the Army debarkation camp at Pontanezen, France, a filthy, seventeen hundred acre pestilence-infested mud flat, akin to a concentration camp, where seventy-five thousand American soldiers were crammed together trying to share inadequate sanitation facilities.

Sixteen thousand of those soldiers suffered from influenza. An average of 25 individuals expired each day from influenza or other diseases. After other lesser men had failed, in usual Butler fashion, he turned the camp into a model of efficiency. His most significant action was his treatment of the troops - he gave them double rations of food, an adequate number of blankets and provided them with a dry sleeping area. He cared more about the men than the regulations he broke to make them comfortable. "He was always on the side of the powerless against the brass."33 Despite recruiting propaganda, the military have been and are underpaid, used as medical guinea pigs, exposed to death, disease, toxic depleted uranium, and when not left behind as POWs or MIAs are discharged and regularly left to battle the inevitable emotional ordeal without assistance.

Butler was torn as he witnessed "the wounded and maimed pass through Pontanezen, some with their nervous systems irreparably shattered." "Gradually it began to dawn on me to wonder," he related later, "what on earth these American boys are doing getting wounded and killed and buried in France." Butler began to doubt "the ethics of his chosen calling."34 The total number of Oil War I casualties, both military and civilian, was over 40 million - 20 million deaths and 21 million wounded.35 Resource acquisition and the arbitrary carving up of the world into three primary areas (trilateralism) and then ultimately into a one world government were the real reasons for the catastrophic profit-producing genocide from 1914 to 1918.36

Endnotes

  1. ^ Carroll Quigley, Tragedy & Hope: A History of the World in Our Time, pgs. 250-51
  2. ^ America's Entry into WWI by Walter Smoter Frank
  3. ^ Carroll Quigley, op. cit., pgs. 250-51
  4. ^ The Lusitania Timeline
  5. ^ German Embassy Issues Warning; Advertises Notice of Danger to Travelers in the War Zone. Building Up A Defense? Suggestion That Notice May Be Cited Against Possible Claims for Damages -- Cunard Agent Says Travel Is Safe. New York Times, May 1, 1915
  6. ^ S. S. Cameronia, The Ship and List of Transfers
  7. ^ The Lusitania Timeline
  8. ^ Mr. Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt, Saloon Class Passenger
  9. ^ The Sinking of the Lusitania, 1915
  10. ^ Hysteria Part 1. Before They Sprouted Horns and Fangs
  11. ^ Carroll Quigley, op. cit., pgs. 251
  12. ^ William Engdahl, A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics and the New World Order, pgs. 35-45
  13. ^ Sykes-Picot agreement text
  14. ^ The Balfour Declaration And its Consequences by Avi Shlaim
  15. ^ The Great Arab Revolt
  16. ^ "Behind the War on Iraq: Research Unit for Political Economy," Monthly Review. Volume: 55. Issue: 1. May 2003. Page 20
  17. ^ Ibid
  18. ^ William Engdahl, op. cit., pgs. 35-45
  19. ^ Pat Riott, The Greatest Story Never Told: Winston Churchill and the Crash of 1929, pg. 20
  20. ^ How Does Samuel Untermeyer Fit Into The Scheme?
  21. ^ New York Times, December 8, 1922
  22. ^ Woodrow Wilson: Address to a Joint Session of Congress Requesting a Declaration of War Against Germany, The American Presidency Project, Santa Barbara, California: University of California
  23. ^ David Livingstone, Terrorism and the Illuminati, Chapter 18: World War One
  24. ^ 1914-1915, US Policy on Loans to the Belligerents
  25. ^ Carroll Quigley, op. cit., pg. 250
  26. ^ Secrets Of The Federal Reserve - The London Connection by Eustace Mullins
  27. ^ Casualties in World War I
  28. ^ Russia and the First World War
  29. ^ Marshall Douglas Smith, Black Gold Hot Gold, The Rise of Fascism in the American Energy Business, 2001
  30. ^ Stephen Kinzer, All the Shah's Men: An American Coup and the Roots of Middle East Terror, Publisher: Wiley. Hoboken, NJ. 2003. Pg. 39
  31. ^ Paths to Glory: Medal of Honor Recipients Smedley Butler and Dan Daly by David T. Zabecki
  32. ^ Who's Who in Marine Corps History
  33. ^ Jules Archer, The Plot to Seize the White House, Hawthorne Books, Inc., New York 1973, pgs. 77-80
  34. ^ Ibid
  35. ^ World War I Casualties, Wikipedia
  36. ^ Marshall Douglas Smith, op. cit.

About the Author

Deanna Spingola has been a quilt designer and is the author of two books. She has traveled extensively teaching and lecturing on her unique methods. She has always been an avid reader of non-fiction works designed to educate rather than entertain. She is active in family history research and lectures on that topic. Currently she is the director of the local Family History Center. She has a great interest in politics and the direction of current government policies, particularly as they relate to the Constitution. Deanna's Web Site